Crappie VS Perch: 5 Differences [Which Is Best?] ✨

Crappie VS Perch
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This article will show everything about Crappie VS Perch and the differences between them like fish family, body shape, color variations, and many more factors.

Perch and Crappies are very popular fish in North American Fishwater. They belong to the sunfish family. As a fish hunter or a fish lover, you may have a question. Why are they so popular? Crappie VS Perch – What’s the difference between them? 

The fish are more popular with North American anglers due to their size and the ease of getting permission. Without any state law violation, you can catch those fish smoothly. The most loving feature of pan fishes is that they can easily cover the whole area of the pan while you are cooking. 

You can find the adult Crappies in the backwater pools, streams, ponds, sloughs, or lakes. Crappies prefer places covered with fallen trees, vegetation, boulders, or vegetation with sand or mud.  

Perch are also found in the same watery places, but they prefer slow-stream rivers. You can find a school of fish near the shore in the spring season. To know more about these fishies, you must read our full article.

Crappie VS Perch – Difference Between Them

Know about the panfishes, but they are not interested in Crappies and Perch; it’s rare. You can hardly hear about that. There are Pomoxis nigromaculatus Lesueur many reasons behind this reputation. It’s all about the fish hunters or the anglers’ experiences. The more you will learn about the case study of the fishes, the more you will be able to find out about them. So, here the characteristics play a great role. 

After reading this article you must read this one also: A Full Guide About How Should You Pass a Fishing Boat: The Right Way 2022.

Fish Family: 


crappie fishing tips
Crappie Fishing

The scientific name of Crappie is Pomoxis, and they are members of the sunfish / Centrarchidae. This small smooth-mouth fish looks like a bass. The genus of the fish has been divided into two different groups. White Pomoxis belongs to Annularis, and Black belongs to the Nigromaculatus group. 


perch fishing tips
Perch Fishing

The Percidae family belongs to the Perch, and the Scientific name is Perca. In their genus, the Perch is the only species of fish. Yellow is a part of the Perca family. Parka Flavescens, the yellow Perch. It is the popular sport fish of New York. 

Body Shape:


crappie infographic
Crappie Infographic

To identify the crappies, you can follow some major points—a deep body with a large surface and anal wings. Anus has wide fins but not pointing—a wide and flat body shape, well sized to cover your pan. Wings are grouping with a perfect sense of ratio. 


perch infographic
Perch Infographic

It looks like a Torpedo. But the length is larger than Crappie. Also, the adult yellow perch back contains a big hump. That also makes it easy to identify them. Another point to differentiate is the Perch and Crappie. The upper fins of a perch separated into two portions. 

Color Variations:


Laterally compressed deep body silver-gray to green color. With the color combination of yellow, red, and green, you can see the crappies within a different spectrum. Even when everything is going to be dark, you can catch Crappies for their white glow lures. So in low light, you can easily find the crappies while hunting the fish. 


Deep greenish body color taller fish. Also, have black vertical bars. Maximum perch comes with a yellow or orange color back on a green surface. The color variation also depends on the species. So the color variation can happen anywhere on the body. Same as for the white Perch. The belly side is entirely white for both color perches, and the tail portion is green. 

The Spawning Habit:


They like to live in a clear sand base underwater. The average depth of water can be 6 to 8 feet. To make their nest, male partners want to build a nest at the bottom of a pond. Male partners prefer a tuneless water condition to develop their nest. If the female crappies feel that the nest is safe enough, then the female will lay eggs. 

Here the male crappies play an important role from the beginning of the nest building so the newborn babies can swim completely. However, the female partner only chooses the nest and lays eggs then leaves the nest. So, the whole maintenance and responsibilities depend on the mele crappies. 


The spanning system of the Perch is opposite to the crappies. Raising the temperature of the water is the perfect time for their breeding. So, they also start finding their next mates. The female Perch likes hard places or weeds to lay her eggs. After completing the egg-laying, the male partner starts fertilizing the eggs. 

Once they complete their job, they leave that place. They start searching for food. Neither father nor mother takes care of those eggs. That doesn’t mean they are killing their babies; what is the life cycle of perch family growth? 



White Crappies own annular, and the black crappies own nigromaculatus groups under Pomoxis. They are closely related to the sunfish family. Look like the smallmouth and largemouth bass category. The full scientific name of white Crappie is Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque, and black Crappie is Pomoxis nigromaculatus Lesueur. 


The Yellow Perch is the last species of that genus under the Perca flavescens. The Perch family is closely related to the Sauger and Walleye group. Also, read the Roach Fishing Guide by Loyal Fishing.

Some specific features between Perch and Crappie

You can find seven different types of Crappies in the water. Among the black and white, Crappies are more highlighted. On the other hand, Perch has two species of fish. Yellow is the most common and the flavescens. 

Characteristics of White Perch: 

  • The length of white Perth is seven to ten inches
  • Rarely their weight cross one pound
  • Silver, greenish, or gray type body with faint lines
  • The belly is comparatively whiter than the upper side
  • Shallow freshwater fish but like to move in the deep channel
  • Lifespan up to 17 years

Characteristics of Yellow Perch:

  • The body is elongated and colored with greenish-yellow or golden 
  • Five to eight dark bands vertically
  • Length is up to 12 inches
  • Reddish and orange combination fins
  • Male spawning fishes have more intensive fins color
  • The Dorsal has two separate fins, one smooth and the other is spiny

Characteristics of Black Crappie:

  • The dorsal line has seven to eight spines
  • Based on dorsal fins
  • Dorsal fins are longer than the white crappies
  • It has no vertical gray line as white crappies
  • Lateral line scales are 35 to 41
  • Light lime greenback
  • Venter and sides are silvery sheens with lime green 
  • Dark mottling all over the body

Characteristics of White Crappie:

  • A dorsal line has six spines
  • Dorsal fins are shorter than the black crappies
  • Dark gray color eight to ten vertical line
  • Laterally compressed papermouth
  • Slightly larger anal fins

Interesting Facts Between Crappie and Perch

Both are considered panfish. The fishes also have some interesting things to learn. Both are poor swimmers, and the younger ones are whiter than the adults. Sometimes the perches can be separated into different groups, Male groups, and female groups. If it is the first trip with your kids, you should let them know these interesting things about Crappie VS Perch

The factors that make Crappies more popular – 

  • After cooking, it’s entirely delicious
  • Hunting Crappies is a relaxing job 
  • It can be your favorite hobby and facile to get a fishing permit
  • High commercial value to sell on the market
  • If you enjoy fishing, you can find the fish throughout the years
  • Easy landing method to the anglers

Main factors of fishing the Perch – 

  • You can catch the fish all over the year
  • A flexible fishing method with live bait
  • Any size of bait fits the mouth
  • White fletch with excellent flavor
  • Crumbly texture with amazing teste
  • Available near the bottom water
  • Size flexibility with market demand

FAQs About Crappie & Perch:

Is Crappie good to eat?

If you are searching for a delicious panfish, then white crappies are the best. The fish will offer you high fat, protein, and nutritional value. In addition, the sweet white meat will make you feel soft and chewable.

Are Crappie and perch the same thing?

No, they are not the same category or from the same fish family. Huge differences between the body structure. Crappie has a flattened larger body than the yellow Perch.  

Why don’t stores sell Crappie?

You can harvest or catch the crappies, but it is illegal to sell them in a market. So you can not find the crappies in a restaurant or a store. 

Does perch fish taste good?

Yes, Crumbly meat texture with a firmly sweet flavor. White flesh will boast an excellent taste. You can get linked with the walleye. 

What tastes better, Bluegill or Crappie?

Though the Crappies have soft meat, you must accept that the Bluegill has a better taste than the Crappies. The flesh of Bluegill is flakier and firmer than the Crappies with extra flavor.

Is Crappie a healthy fish to eat?

No worries! You can easily take them for your lunch or dinner. There is no harmful poison or anything else. Completely healthy for your body.


To anglers, Crappies and perches are the most popular panfish and game fish. If you want to differentiate between Crappie and Perch, only find the difference among the characteristics. Color, shape, size, and thor habit can be different. But both are delicious to eat. Both have loving features, and you will enjoy fishing them.  

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